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Skin Care TreatmentsAcne

Acne is very common pattern of activity of sebaceous gland on face, chest, back and buttocks affecting approximately 85% of young people from 12 to 25 years.

More than 30% of affected individuals have reported vitiligo in a parent, sibling or child. The risk of children of affected individuals is unknown. Emotional stress, physical injury, sunburn reaction may precipitate vitiligo.

Causes
1. Hormonal changes
2. Drugs- steroids,phenytoin,lithium, anabolic steroids
3. Stress
4. Cosmetics
5. Beauty procedures- packs, scrubs, facials, clean-ups.

 

Treatments
Acne problem is dealt by reducing sebum over skin with the help of specific face cleanser, exfoliants and antibiotics prescribed by doctor. Acne needs proper management to sustain results and prevent complications. Further maintenance of skin is done by simple procedures like microdermabrasion, chemical peels, and light therapy. Scar treatment requires chemical peels, microneedling therapy or Laser.

Course
Most cases clear spontaneously by twenties but can leave sequel of scarring and pigmentation

psoriasis-treatment  

Skin Care TreatmentsMelasma & Pigmentation

Chemicals must be avoided for pigmentation. Melasma is a common acquired increase of brown pigmentation (melanin) that occurs exclusively in sun-exposed areas. Melasma is after present on the cheeks, upper lips and forehead and sometimes occur on the forearms.

Melasma has been very difficult to treat, and even harder to cure. It can be reduced by medication, sunscreen and topical products. Some procedures like chemical peeling, derma rollers, mesotherapy are helpful. For Dermal melasma, which is a very common variety, topical treatments are generally ineffective.

Skin Care TreatmentsVitiligo

Vitiligo is a disorder of skin pigment characterized by total loss of melanocytes the skin pigment sometimes associated with medical diseases particularly thyroid disease. Equal in both sexes. May begin at any age commonly between the ages of 10 and 30 years. Affects up to !% of the population. Vitiligo has a genetic background.

More than 30% of affected individuals have reported vitiligo in a parent, sibling or child. The risk of children of affected individuals is unknown. Emotional stress, physical injury, sunburn reaction may precipitate vitiligo.

  psoriasis-treatment

Course
Its course is highly variable, but rapid onset followed by a period of stability or slow progression is most characteristic. Up to 30% of patients may report some spontaneous repigmentation.

 

Management

 
  1. Sunscreens,Cosmetic coverup
2. Photochemotherapy, Narrow-band UVB
3. Oral PUVA therapy
4. Surgical grafting
5. Excimer laser

Skin Care TreatmentsSkin Allergies

Common Forms - Eczema & Urticaria
Usually the skin allergies are likely genetic, though the exact cause is unclear. It may be caused by a breakdown of the skin’s barrier cells or by immune dysfunction resulting in sensitization. The rash of atopic dermatitis is often red and itchy and usually presents for the first time during childhood.

Atopic dermatitis is often seen in people with asthma and allergies. There are multiple treatment options available including moisturizers, topical steroids, topical immunomodulators, barrier repair creams, antihistamines and UV therapy.

Skin Care TreatmentsLeprosy

Leprosy is caused by M.leprae bacteria affecting skin, peripheral nervous system, upper respiratory tract, eyes, testes. It represents as white patches with loss of touch and pain sensation and thickening of peripheral nerves. Treatment is Multi Drug Therapy for 6 to 12 months.

 

Skin Care TreatmentsAuto immune Disease

Scleroderma is a disease of the connective tissue featuring skin thickening, that can involve scarring, blood vessel problems, varying degrees of inflammation, and is associated with an overactive immune system. The Cause of scleroderma is not known. Researchers have found some evidence that certain genes are important hereditary factors, but the environment seems to also play a role. The result is activation of the immune system in a susceptible individual, causing damage to the inner lining of tiny blood vessels and injury to tissues that result in scar tissue formation and the accumulation of excess collagen.Treatment of scleroderma is directed toward the symptom(s) that is (are) most debilitating.

The appearance of skin lesions associated with scleroderma may be helped by exposure to ultraviolet light. Laser surgery also may help camouflage or eliminate these lesions.

Skin Care TreatmentsWarts

Warts are infected skin by HPV virus present in form of skin growth commonly over face, fingers and genitals. It spread from skin to skin contact, more in immuno compromised and persist for several years.

Treatment :
1. Electrocauterization is best treatment for warts.
2. Removal by Laser

Skin Care TreatmentsKeloid

When a wound heals, Collagen gathers around the damage and builds up to help the wound seal over. The resulting scar usually fades over time, becoming smoother and less noticeable. However, some scars don't stop growing. They 'invade' the surrounding healthy skin and become bigger than the original wound. These are known as keloid scars.

There are several treatments available steroid injections, applying steroid-impregnated tape to the area for 12 hours a day, laser treatment to lessen redness, surgery to remove the keloid.

 

Skin Care TreatmentsInfectious Diseases

They can be fungal, bacterial and parasitic etc. Humans are natural hosts for many bacterial species that colonize the skin. They account for a wide variety of bacterial infections. Treatment will be varied depending upon the infection. Fungal skin infections are infections of the skin caused by dermatophytes and yeasts, which are groups of fungi that are normally harmless. When these grow excessively, they can cause the symptoms of a fungal skin infection.Bacteria infections are treated by antibiotics.

You will usually need to use an antifungal treatment that you put directly onto the affected area of your skin. These are known as topical treatments. There are a variety of treatments available in the form of creams, lotions, paints, shampoos and medicated powders.

Skin Care TreatmentsSexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases caused by broad range of pathogens have a physical and psychosocial morbidity. The diseases can infect both sexually active couple and neonates born to infected mothers. The combination of subtle or absent symptoms and the stigma, which prevents the seeking of health care, leaves many infections undiagnosed. All diseases can be treated with proper medicines.

psoriasis-treatment

Skin TreatmentsPsoriasis

Psoriasis is a long-term chronic skin problem that causes skin cells to grow too quickly, resulting in thick, white, silvery, or red patches of skin. Light-based treatments provide psoriasis sufferers with an alternative solution that includes no pharmaceuticals and effectively treats psoriasis in just a few quick sessions.

Changing the treatment Paradigm for Psorisis with latest modality (BIOLOGICS). Biologics are approved for first line of systemic treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis.